Part 1: Introductory Articles

The Giordano Memorization System (GMS®)

Scientific Validity

Philosophical Aspects

Memorization Systems

Capabilities Enhanced by GMS®

Restrictions of GMS®

Order of Mastering the Memorization System

What is GMS®?

A Look inside a GMS® User’s Head

Many-Sided Mnemonics

Popular Mnemonics

Classic Mnemonics

Pedagogical Mnemonics

Circus Mnemonics

Sport Mnemonics

Modern Mnemonics or GMS®

Who Needs GMS®?

For Students


In Everyday Life

For Self-Education

For Public Speakers

For Businessmen

For Health

Part 2: Memory Mechanisms

Memory – a Domain of Paradoxes

A Result of Brain Activity

Objects of the Surrounding World

Connections, Connections, and Nothing but Connections

The Brain’s Reaction to Different Types of Information

Images, Textual Information, Sign Information

Memory and Memorization

Unintentional Memorization

Intentional Memorization

Over-Intentional Memorization (Meta-memory)

Memory in the Psychical Processes System

The “Memory” Process

The “Attention” Process

The “Representation” Process

The “Sensation” Process

The “Thinking” Process



Sense of Memorization

Electric Memory

Temporary Characteristics of Electric Memory


Stationary Wave


Spatial Frequency

Visual Analyzer



The Spatial Frequency Filter

Directional Selectivity

Nerve Cell Background Activity

Nerve Cell Work Activity


Electrical Connection Apparition Scheme


Reflex Memory

Time Characteristics of Reflex Connections

Differences between Electric and Reflex Connections

Reproductive Imagination

Part 3: Basic GMS® Concepts

From the Whole to Separate Parts

Natural Associations

Artificial Associations

Memorization Skill

Memorization Skill Control

The “Memorization Master” Description

“Introductory Test”

Use: “Training”

Use: “Exam”

Normative Indexes

Checking the Recognition Speed (checking the reflex)

Images, a Memorization Tool

How Visual Images Must Not Be in Your Imagination

Just How Do the Images Need to Be?

The Mental Operation that Switches the “Memory” Process On

Other Mental Operations

“Image Enlargement – Minimization” Operation

“Image Rotation” Operation

“Connection of Images” Operation

“Sub-Image Singling Out” Operation

“Image Modification” Operation

“Image Transformation” Operation

Relative Sizes of Objects

Support (Stimulating) Images

Two Image Types

The “Information Message” Concept

Creating Associations

Rules for Creating Connections

What is Association Base Singled Out for?

Figurative Codes and Speed Memorization

Rules for Handling Figurative Codes

How to Regulate the Memorization Process

Mnemotechnical Effects

Association Erasure Effect

The Associative Chain Turning Effect

First Image Effect

Immediate Anamnesis Effect

Associative Anamnesis Effect

Characteristics of the Memorization Process

Memorization Speed

Remembering (anamnesis) Speed

Memorization Quality

Memorization Volume

Memorization Reliability

Four Stages of Memorization



Sequence Memorization

Connection Fixation in the Brain

Part 4: Encoding Techniques

The Alphanumeric Code (AC)

Word selection on the basis of consonant letters

Transforming Numbers into Images

Figurative codes for Two-Digit Numbers

Figurative codes for Three-Digit Numbers

A Number Sequence Encoding into Images

Figurative Codes for Months’ Names

Weekday Figurative Codes

Figurative Codes for Alphabet Letters

Phonetic Figurative Codes

Other Figurative Codes

Word Representation with an Image

Symbolization Technique

Linking to the Familiar Information Technique

Encoding by Consonance Technique

Creating a Word from Syllables Technique

Method of Clue Associations

Encoding Images into Sounds

Encoding Signs into Images

The Distinctive Feature Technique

Distinctive Feature Functions

Singling out a Distinctive Feature on a Photograph

Singling Out a Distinctive Feature of a Person You Know Well

Singling Out a Distinctive Feature of an Unknown Person Standing in Front of You (“Meeting” Situation)

Singling Out a Distinctive Feature of a Person Whose Image is Unfamiliar to You

Singling Out a Distinctive Feature of an Interior

Singling Out a Distinctive Feature in a Car

Attention: False and Standard Distinctive Features

The Information Compression Method

Part 5: Memorization

Three Methods of Image Connection

Connecting Two Images

Creating an Association

Association Connection

Part 6: Sequence Memorization

The Cicero Method

Singling Out Support Images Using the Cicero Method

The Free Association Method

Singling Out Parts of an Image

The “Chain” Method

The “Russian Doll” Method

Memorizing by Ordinal Numbers

Memorizing in Alphabetical Order

The Returning Method

Fixed Sequence

Invisible Image Parts

Numeration with Figurative Codes

Part 7: Connection Fixation In The Brain

The Active Repetition Method

An approximate repetition scheme

Viewing Support Images and Association Bases in the Imagination

Repetition with Complete Decoding

Inner Speech and Inner Drawing Techniques

Fixing Figurative codes

Fixing Foreign Words

Fixing New Signs

How to Check the Reflex Level of Memorization

Forming a Support Image System

The Cicero method + Well fixed sequence + Singling out image parts

School of Phenomenal Memory® Study Course