A human being has the same amount of analytical systems as he does sense organs. You are already acquainted with the visual analytical system. Aside from the visual analyzer, the brain also has hearing, speech, taste, smell, and movement analyzers along with as other analytical systems.
Supposedly, every analytical system has an electric memory mechanism in it. We are mainly interested in the visual analytical system since the primary memorization method in GMS® is memorization through visual representations. It is the visual representations that everybody can most easily, consciously control in their imagination. Other analytical system representations are harder to control internally.
There are association zones in the cerebral cortex. These are zones where nerve fibers from different analytical systems intersect. Other types of connections are established in association zones: reflex connections. Note: cells from different analytical systems establish reflex connections.
To create a reflex, there needs to be time contiguity and multiple repetitions (activation).
Time Characteristics of Reflex Connections
Reflex connection is formed in about 3-4 days; when it is stored, it lasts for a lifetime.
Reflex connection works automatically. One does not need to willfully remember the information.
In GMS®, the use of a reflex connection is necessary for memorizing foreign words, developing a sign system for a foreign language, and for various figurative codes memorization. Any other information (phone numbers, addresses, names, etc.) is memorized through the basis of the electric memory mechanism and is reproduced as a combination of visual images. These images then need to be encoded into familiar forms – numbers and words.
For a reflex connection between nerve cells to be created, the nerve cells have to work intensively for a certain period of time. It is only in this instance that nerve-ending appendages literally begin to grow and stretch towards other such appendages. Obviously, this requires time. Direct reflex connection between nerve fibers can only be created when nerve fibers are already in close proximity to one another.
Nerve cells are linked together by creating a synapse zone. This is a zone of chemical transmission, where a chemical impulse from one cell to another occurs. If you are interested in the details of synaptic transmission, you might want to read an article about the Nobel Prize honorees of 2000 in the “Scientific Articles on Memory” section.
Similar to electric connection, reflex connection is only reproduced when there is an incoming stimulating signal.
When you touch a hot pan, your arm automatically pulls away. This is an example of an unconditional reflex, genetically “built into” your brain.
When you hear the word “phone”, your imagination instantly suggests an image of a telephone. This is an example of an unconditional reflex formed through life experience. Due to the fact that our word perception is so quick, images appear very quickly in your imagination. Many people do not even realize the reflexive nature of understanding written and oral speech.
If you perceive words that do not have a connection with visual images in your brain, you will not understand them. For instance: inu, mise, teiburu. You do not understand these words - not because you do not know them, but because the connection between these words and the appropriate images has not yet been established in your brain.
In GMS®, every kind of information is first remembered via the electric memory mechanism; it is only then that the necessary data is developed into a reflex (automatic state) if necessary.
A disorder (blockage) of the synaptic connections (reflex memory) leads to a temporary or permanent destruction of stable automatic skills, such as intentional and automatic movements in speech, writing, and in reading. To see an effect of temporary steady reflex destruction, let someone consume a few drinks of hard liquor.
Memory mechanisms in speech and movement analyzers have their own specific features, but are also fully explained by the electric and the reflex memory concepts. These specific traits are outside the GMS® sphere of interest. Only the memorization methods for educational data are examined within the pages of this book.
Differences between Electric and Reflex Connections
First of all, these two memory types differ in their connection creation time. An electric connection is created very quickly – in a few seconds; whereas a reflex connection is created slowly – over the course of a few days.
A reflex connection goes one-way, with an impulse running through the nerve fiber only in one direction. If you touch a hot iron, your arm muscles will contract. If you intentionally flex your muscles, you will not have the hot iron sensation.
An electric connection is a two-way connection: if you connect two images in your imagination, each one of them can be a stimulus for the other. The reaction is that you see both images – the stimulus and the connected image - simultaneously.
Electric memory is intrinsic in certain analytical systems. Meanwhile, reflex connections are created between nerve cells from different analytical systems. You cannot instantly create a connection between an image and its mutual representation (a word), or between a sound and smell.
Electric connections are very flexible. They can be quickly erased or altered, but they can also be stored for a long time. Reflex connections remain unchanged and do not require any special maintenance.