Memory and Memorization
The "Memory" concept is different from that of "Memorization".
Memory is a cerebrum, psychic process. Psychologists distinguish five psychic processes: memory, attention, thinking, sensation, and representation. Imagination is a process of interaction between thinking and representation. The memory process is responsible for the fixation of connections between different signals appearing at the same moment. All that is put into the brain at one moment is connected, united. The brain can fix connections in different ways. From this moment on, we will distinguish between two memory processes – two different ways the brain fixes connections.
What must be understood about memorization is that it is a complex process of accumulating a system of connections in your brain, through which a person is able to reproduce the information he needs. All the above-mentioned processes (memory, attention, thinking, sensation, representation) take place during the memorization process. A disorder in any of the processes will affect memorization, even if one’s "Memory" process is absolutely perfect.
Psychologists distinguish among three types: unintentional memorization, intentional memorization, and over-intentional memorization.
When you are in your house, your brain automatically fixes connections between perceived objects with their inner connections. Here, memorization occurs unintentionally, and you do not need to make any effort to memorize. The brain is "attuned" to fix the connections between existing objects (images, taste, sounds, and others).
Suppose you try to memorize a poem. Intentional memorization implies the presence of the control (checking) stage. After you read a couple of lines, you try to repeat the extract by heart; if you fail you will read it again and again, trying to repeat it correctly each time.
Although you put some effort into the memorization, the memorization process happens blindly. In this case, a person does not realize the memory mechanisms occurring and does not use special memorization techniques.
Over-Intentional Memorization (Meta-memory)
An example of over-intentional memorization can be the memorization of phone numbers. A person gets acquainted with a list (say, containing 50 phone numbers) and claims that, to memorize the whole list, he will only need 30 minutes.
In this case, a full realization of memory mechanisms is required, as well as the intentional use of special memorization techniques.
The memorization and storage processes are fully controlled in your brain.
For most people, the ability to memorize is situated at the intentional level.
The over-intentional memorization level is only possible through special mastery of GMS® techniques.
It is worth noting (and we will look into it later in the book) that, first and foremost, the ability to remember depends not on memory, but on THINKING and ATTENTION. A disorder in the two psychical processes would make INTENTIONAL and OVERINTENTIONAL memorization almost impossible.
|Fast connection fixation
||Slow connection fixation
|Automatic memorization, based on the "Memory" process.
||Deliberate memorization, based on interaction between several psychic processes, mainly thinking and attention.
||Realizing memory processes, deliberate use of memory mechanisms, and the use of special techniques to memorize the "unmemorizable" data.