Four Stages of Memorization

The memorization process is divided into four stages in GMS®: encoding, memorization, memorizing the information order, and fixation.


Any information message that you memorize consists of elements. In order to connect elements of one information message, every such element has to be transformed into a visual image.

Please note that encoding information into visual images DOES NOT EQUATE TO MEMORIZATION. It is only a preliminary memorization STAGE.

Encoding information message elements into visual images is achieved through a number of encoding methods which are described in detail in the “Encoding Techniques” section.

You will also see several familiar methods among the ones described in the section. For years, you may have used them for memorization often, without even realizing that you use GMS® technique elements.

For example, let’s say you need to transform the following information: “The battle of Crecy took place on the 26 of August, 1346” into images.

You need to single out the parts of the information that need to be transformed into images: Crecy, 346, 26, August – only four elements. They are transformed into the following visual images: a fleecy crab, a bronze viper, a tape, and mustard (according to the figurative codes system accepted in this memorization system).

Now the information is prepared to be memorized, and you can go on to the next stage – memorization itself.


Memorization is the creation of connections between elements of one information message.  When you have transformed elements into visual images, you get a chance to perform direct recording of these connections, since visual images are easy to connect directly in your imagination.

Before you connect images in your imagination, you will need to single out an association base. Figurative code cannot be used as an association basis. Among the memorized elements, the figurative codes are: 346, 26, August. Only the “crab” image is left and it is the image we should take for the association basis.

Imagine a crab in your imagination. Single out its three parts: claw, head, and shell. Then, you must consecutively create three separate connections: “claw + bronze viper,” “head + tape,” and “shell + mustard.”

After you have created three separate connections, imagine the integral association. In the association, the “crab” is a large image; the rest of the images are middle-sized when compared to the “crab” image.

The information is memorized. Any of these association images will trigger recollection of the whole association in your imagination.

According to the “Giordano Memorization System” standards, one needs 18 seconds to create three connections (6 seconds per each connection).

Sequence Memorization

Let us suppose that you need to memorize not just a single historical date, but a chronological table containing 50 dates. Consequently, you will have to create 50 separate associations. It is practically impossible to remember this amount of associations without a hint (a question). Moreover, if you do not remember them regularly, they will be erased; that is, the connections you created will desynchronize gradually. You will remember the “crab,” but you will not be able to remember the rest of the images connected to it.

That is why association sequence fixation is the next obligatory stage of memorization.

Association sequence is fixed in two ways:

  1. Each association base (the “crab” in our case) is connected to an additional support (stimulating) image. Consequently, in order to fix 50 associations you will need 50 support images, the sequence of which you memorize without mistakes.
  2. Association base can be connected directly to another such base. In such a case, it is forming an INFORMATION BLOCK.

An information block is a group of monotype data gathered “in a heap” and fixed upon one support image. Associations are connected directly in an information block, according to their base (large images).

When you connect every association to a support image, it will be possible to remember all the historical dates you memorize without hints, and in the correct order. For this, you will need to consecutively remember the support images you learned by heart, so they will “pull” the created associations that encode particular historical dates out of your memory.

Connection Fixation in the Brain

When you connect visual images, electric memory is utilized. Such connections are created quickly, but are also deconstructed just as quickly in your brain. To store information in the brain, the created connections need to be activated – intentionally processed in the imagination according to a specific system. This information fixation technique is called the “Active Repetition Method” in the GMS®. It will be examined in the “Information Fixation” section.

After fixing information, the data will be stored in your brain. You are able to remember them not only consecutively, but selectively as well, without having to run through all the information. Any question concerning the previously memorized data will help you recall the full association in your imagination. For example, if you are asked: “What happened on the 26th?” you will instantly be able to answer: the battle of Crecy happened on the 26th of August, 1346. You will also be able to remember all other dates that are connected to the 26th, if such dates have been fixed in your brain.

The encoding stage is the lengthiest and the most difficult of all the described memorization stages. Your memorization speed depends on the speed of information encoding into visual images. The skill of encoding into visual images is trained and quickly becomes automatic. This is why you should not feel sorry for the time you spend on performing exercises that will help automate the encoding skill for different types of data.

The “Encoding Techniques” section is fully dedicated to this topic.